Munchausen's syndrome is when an individual pretends to be sick and consciously produces symptoms to match. This is done with the objective of having others “care” for and pay attention to them. By proxy is when the individual pretends the symptoms exist in someone they are taking care of or responsible for.
Types of the disorder include:
- Actively and consciously making choices, behaving in a way to make themselves ill
- Pretending to have physical symptoms that match the illness
- Pretending to have psychological symptoms
- By proxy - Pretending that someone they take care of has symptoms and is ill
Triggers - The Causes
- Biological Prolonged illness during childhood,with attention and care given
- Psychological Personality disorders, depression, and other existing mental health conditions
- Environmental A desire to be cared for by medical professionals, and in facilities
- Transition Emotional & Psychological trauma during childhood that influences their behavior
Symptoms - What it looks like
- Erratic and complicated medical history, with frequent medical visits
- Willingness to undergo medical procedures, even at their own risk
- Appearance of new or additional symptoms following negative test results.
- History of seeking treatment at numerous healthcare facilities
- Reluctance to allow doctors to talk to family or friends or to other health care professionals
- Presence of multiple surgical scars.
Treatment - The way to healing
- Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)
- Family therapy
- Group therapy, support