A mood disorder with symptoms persisting for at least two weeks. It is described with feelings of sadness, loss or anger that interferes with a person's day to day life. Major depressive disorder or clinical depression causes symptoms that impact how you think, feel, eat, work or sleep.

Types of depression include:

  • Persistent Depressive Disorder (Dysthymia), a depressed mood that lasts for at least two years
  • Postpartum Depression, major depression that makes it difficult for a new mom to care for her baby or to complete their own daily care activities
  • Psychotic Depression, severe depression combined with some form of psychosis (delusions, hallucinations)
  • Seasonal Affective Disorder, winter depression resulting from less natural sunlight
  • Bipolar disorder, different from depression, but includes episodes of extremely low moods that meet the criteria for major depression, along with an extremly high mood called mania or hypomania

Triggers - The Causes

  • Physiological factors - e.g. hormonal changes
  • Personality traits
  • Genetics and hereditary 
  • Environmental factors
  • Traumatic/ stressful events
  • Substance abuse

Symptoms - What it looks like

  • Feeling sad
  • Loss of interest in activities
  • Changes in appetite
  • Changes in sleep patterns
  • Loss of energy
  • Feeling worthless or guilty
  • Difficulty thinking or concentration
  • Inability to make decisions
  • Thoughts of suicide or death
  • Inability to sit still, pacing, handwringing
  • Observable slowing down in movements or speech

Treatment - The way to healing

  • Medication Psychotherapy
  • Family / group therapy sessions
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
  • Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)
  • Psychodynamic Therapy
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Rana Alghairi
The Chearful well-being resources helped me learn about my own Mental Health and gave me strength through knowledge & awareness.
I was so worried about whether I would find the right support, but Chearful made it easy, quick and all I had to focus on was getting better.
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If you, or someone you know, is in need of emergency care or urgent crisis intervention, please contact your local emergency numbers immediately